Bullfinch

©Bob Coyle

Bullfinch

Enw gwyddonol: Pyrrhula pyrrhula
The rose-red breast, large black cap and thick bill make the bullfinch easy to identify. A plump-looking bird of woodlands, hedgerows and orchards, it also frequents gardens.

Gwybodaeth am rywogaethau

Ystadegau

Length: 16cm
Wingspan: 26cm
Weight: 21g
Average lifespan: 2 years

Statws cadwraethol

Classified in the UK as Amber under the Birds of Conservation Concern 4: the Red List for Birds (2015). Protected in the UK under the Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981. Priority Species under the UK Post-2010 Biodiversity Framework.

Pryd i'w gweld

January to December

Ynghylch

The bullfinch is a large, plump finch that feeds on buds and fruit in woodlands, hedgerows, parklands, gardens and orchards. Beautiful, easy to tame and skilful at mimicry, it was often taken as a cage-bird in times past. Shy and secretive, its melancholy call may be the only indication of its presence in a thicket. Bullfinches usually nest in shrubs, such as Hawthorn and Blackthorn, making a flimsy nest out of twigs and moss.

Sut i'w hadnabod

If you get a good view, the male bullfinch is unmistakeable. It has a black cap, stubby black bill, grey back, black-and-white wings, a black tail, startling white rump and rose-red breast. Females display a similar colour pattern, but are greyish-brown, rather than bright pink.

Dosbarthiad

Widespread, but absent from the very north of Scotland.

Roeddech chi yn gwybod?

Bullfinches were once considered a serious pest in orchards, so much so that in the 16th century, Henry VIII condemned their 'criminal attacks' on fruit trees, and an Act of Parliament declared that one penny would be paid for every bird killed.

Sut y gall bobl helpu

Whether you live in town or country, you can help to look after garden birds by providing food and water for them. To find out more about encouraging wildlife into your garden, visit the wildlife gardening section of the website, there's plenty of facts and tips to get you started. To buy bird food, feeders and other wildlife products, visit the Vine House Farm website (www.vinehousefarm.co.uk) - an award-winning wildlife-friendly farm that gives 4% of every sale plus £10 commission for each new customer to The Wildlife Trusts.