Element 4: Bringing back wildlife

Ospreys had been extinct in Wales for several centuries. But now they are back at Cors Dyfi reserve. Photo by Peter Cairns.

Restoring the area's wonderful mix of plants and animals can only work within the context of a sustainable local economy

The heart of the Pumlumon Project is an ambitious plan to restore the area's wildlife, and where appropriate bring back species which used to be plentiful in the Welsh uplands. Wildlife losses, driven largely by land management and agricultural improvements, have been a feature of the late 20th century, and they continue today. Now the emerging threat of climate change is having its own impact on species populations.

The losses of the past 60 years are an ecological catastrophe, but they can be reversed if, as a society, we consider nature when we organise our need for land and food. In Pumlumon, one example is to restore the kind of grazing which moulded the uplands for thousands of years. Bringing cattle back to the hills would restore the diversity of the grassland, providing more and better niches for species (see also Element 5).

Just some of the species benefitting from the Pumlumon Project:

Red Grouse - Tom Marshall

Black Darter

Hen Harrier - Mark Hamblin

Round-leaved Sundew - Colin Varndell