Element 2: Reconnecting habitats

New woodland being allowed to regenerate naturally

Climate change means plants and animals trapped in a fragmented landscape need green highways to relocate

It is predicted that by 2050 there will be a 2oC rise in global temperature, shifting the natural range of some species northwards by more than 150 miles and/or nearly 1000ft higher in altitude. In previous times - for example after ice ages - plants and animals migrated to new climate space along natural corridors. But in today's fragmented landscapes many species will be trapped in habitats which can no longer support them. The results could be devasting for biodiversity.

Biodiversity - the sum total of plants and animals, with all their interactions - is our life support system. It's importance is recognised by the Worldwide Convention on Biological Diversity, signed by 153 countries including the UK. We therefore need to restore connections between wildlife havens at a landscape scale - for example, by linking lowland and upland habitats.

How we are putting the landscape back together

The Pumlumon Project area holds over 9,000ha of key habitats including river valleys, semi-natural woodland, coniferous plantations, species-rich grassland, heather moorland and blanket bog. By restoring existing habitats and creating new ones we don't just build corridors and connections that allow animals and plants to migrate through the landscape; we also make the area more enjoyable and interesting for people through the increase in wildlife and more varied scenery.

Our recent pilot projects have restored over 250ha of peatlands and acid grassland, created over 2km (1.2 miles) of hedgerow, and established 1ha of upland woodland. We aim to continue this process across the rest of the project area.